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Fundamental Prerequisites for Studying Abroad

Fundamental Prerequisites for Studying Abroad

Studying overseas can be a rewarding experience, but it does require some planning. The basic qualifications cover various topics, such as being prepared academically, budgeting, ability to communicate fluently, being aware of the law, being healthy, and being culturally sensitive.

These requirements lay the groundwork for an enjoyable and successful study abroad experience by guaranteeing a smooth transition and optimizing the chances for development.

This Article Includes

Academic Eligibility and Requirements

Academic eligibility and requirements in the UK vary depending on the level of study and the institution. Here’s an overview:

Assessing Academic Credentials: 

Review the specific academic qualifications required for the course you wish to apply for. This could include particular grades or subjects at the high school level for undergraduate studies or a relevant bachelor’s degree for postgraduate studies and Ph.D.

For Undergraduate:

  • Academic Transcripts for English language tests taken in 10th and 12th grade.
  • The results of other admission tests, such as the SAT, the LNAT Exam for law, the Biomedical Admissions Test (BMAT) for medical, biomedical, and dental programs, and the Mathematics Admissions Test (MAT) for bachelor’s degrees in sciences and engineering,

For Postgraduate:

  • Academic Transcripts from 10th, 12th, and bachelor’s degree
  • Additional test results for admittance, such as the Graduate Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT Exam), GMAT, and GRE

For Ph.D.

  • For postgraduate and PhD, a 4-year bachelor’s (Hons) degree or a degree comparable to a master’s degree is required.

Language Proficiency Tests

International students must submit their IELTS, TOEFL, and, most recently, Duolingo test results as part of the application process. UK institutions only offer English-language courses, and applicants must demonstrate their fluency in the language to study there.

These grades are regarded as one of the most crucial prerequisites for enrollment at institutions in the United Kingdom.

Subject-Specific Prerequisites

STEM Subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics):

  • Mathematics and Sciences: Universities frequently require a good background in mathematics and science topics from high school, especially for disciplines like engineering, computer science, physics, and mathematics.

Business Program:

  • The business and economics program frequently calls for a solid background in mathematics, especially for courses emphasizing quantitative analysis.

Medicine and Health Sciences:

  • Science and Biology: A solid foundation in biology and other sciences is typically required for medical degrees and other health-related courses. Some may also call for classes, such as chemistry.

Law and Social Sciences:

  • Varied Requirements: While specific topics may not always be required, law courses may assess students’ critical thinking and analytical abilities. There may be prerequisites in the social sciences depending on the field of study.

Financial Planning and Management

For overseas students studying in the UK, effective financial management and planning are essential to a fulfilled and successful academic career. It entails being aware of and ready for the costs related to living expenses, tuition, housing, medical expenses, and other incidentals.

Tuition fees Estimation

Undergraduate Programs (bachelor’s degree)

  • Annual Fees: For most courses, tuition for international undergraduate students can range from £10,000 to £30,000 annually.

Master’s degree postgraduate programs

  • Annual Fees: International postgraduate tuition fees typically range from around £10,000 to £40,000 annually, depending on the course and university.

Ph.D. programs for doctors:

  • Annual Fees: International students’ Ph.D. fees differ significantly. They can cost anywhere from £12,000 to £30,000 per year or even more for specialized courses or enrollment at an esteemed college.

Living Expenses and Budgeting

Compared to other regions of the United Kingdom, London boasts a high living level. It is anticipated that overseas students will spend £15,600–16,800 in London and £10,800–15,600 in other parts of the United Kingdom annually. This covers all living costs, including housing and food, travel, medical care, utilities, phone bills, and socializing.

Scholarships and Financial Aid

The United Kingdom provides financial aid and scholarship opportunities for overseas students seeking higher education. These options can assist in defraying living expenses, tuition, and other charges. Here are some directions to investigate:

Scholarships for universities: Scholarships awarded based on academic merit. Many colleges award scholarships based on prior academic success.

Subject-Specific Scholarships: Certain scholarships are intended for particular programs or fields of study.

Research Scholarships: Universities frequently offer research scholarships to students enrolled in Ph.D. programs and research-based courses.

Commonwealth Scholarships: These awards provide financial aid to students from Commonwealth nations so they can study in the UK at different levels.

Financial Aid Programmes: Universities may offer financial aid or scholarships to assist with living expenses or course-related expenditures.

Bank Statements and Proof of Funds

Providing proof of funds for international students applying for a visa to study in the UK is a crucial part of the application process. Here’s what you generally need:

  • Requirement in Finances: Students must prove to the UK government that they can pay for their living expenses and tuition while enrolled in classes there.
  • Bank Statements: To get funding for living expenses and tuition, you must typically submit recent bank statements (generally from the last 28 to 31 days). Ensure the statements are from a reputable financial institution and are in your name or, if relevant, your sponsor’s name.
  • Sponsorship Letter: If you receive financial assistance, you will require a letter from your sponsor attesting to their economic capacity and expressing their desire to pay for your expenses.

Legal and Documentation Process

For an international student pursuing studies in the UK, the legal and documentation process involves several vital steps to ensure compliance and eligibility:

Passport and Visa Requirements

For international students planning to study in the UK, here are the typical passport and visa requirements:


  • Validity: Verify that your passport covers the period you intend to spend in the UK. Having at least six months’ validity added to your anticipated stay is advised.

Tier 4 (also known as the Student Route Visa):

  • Applying for a Visa: Most overseas students require a Student Route visa, formerly a Tier 4 visa, to study in the UK. Usually, the application process for a visa is completed online.
  • CAS (Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies): This document verifies your admission to a course at the UK university of your choice, and it is required before you can apply for a visa.
  • Financial Requirements: As previously said, you must show you have enough money to pay for your living expenses and tuition.
  • Test for Tuberculosis: As part of the visa application procedure, certain candidates from specific nations may be required to take a test for tuberculosis (TB).
  • Biometric Data: At a visa application center, you’ll probably be required to submit biometric data, such as your fingerprints and photos.
  • Visa Fees: Depending on the kind and length of the visa, application fees must be paid.

Visa Processing Duration:

  • The duration of visa processing may differ according to the nation you are applying to. Given that visa processing times vary from a few weeks to several months, it is recommended that you use your visa well in advance of the commencement of your course.

Healthcare Surcharge:

  • According to my most recent update, students wishing to apply for a visa to access the UK’s National Health Service (NHS) typically must pay a healthcare surcharge.

Proof of Accommodation:

  • You may be asked to present documentation attesting to your lodging arrangements in the UK.

Academic transcripts and certificates

Student copies of all required grade reports and pass certificates are also required. For instance, students pursuing master’s degrees must turn in their passing certificates, all semester grades, and grades from grades 10 and 12. For every application, a minimum of one (and occasionally two) sets of copies are needed. All copies need to be verified.

Letters of Recommendation:

One of the most essential papers needed for admission to study at UK universities is a letter of recommendation (LOR). One of your instructors or superiors must provide a letter of reference (LOR) reflecting your experience, accomplishments, and skills in the classroom or workplace. Students must submit a minimum of two recommendation letters.

Statement of Purpose (SOP)

A statement of purpose is one of the most crucial documents when applying to UK institutions. You can explain your goals for the future and why you want to study at the university in

this statement. Universities use SOPs exclusively to get information about applicants, their goals, and how they may benefit the university

Preparation for Cultural Changes

Preparing for cultural changes as an international student in the UK is crucial for a smooth transition. Here’s a brief overview:

Understanding Cultural Diversity:

International students studying in the UK need to have a solid understanding of cultural diversity. Here are some tips for embracing and navigating cultural differences when studying overseas:

  • Mindfulness: Accept diverse cultures, beliefs, and practices with an open mind. Realize that variety broadens your horizons and offers educational possibilities.
  • Cultural Interaction: Interact with classmates from different backgrounds. Engage in cultural activities, groups, or society at your campus to foster cross-cultural interactions.

Adapting to New Social Norms

  • Obstacles and Development: Recognize that there may occasionally be difficulties due to cultural differences. Make the most of these experiences to advance your development.
  • Exchanging Cultural Knowledge: Talk to others about your customs and culture. Plan events or participate in activities highlighting your nation’s customs, cuisine, and festivals.

Dealing with Homesickness

  • Language and Communication: Study the language, customs, and culture of the United

Kingdom. Even if English is the primary language, learning local slang or phrases helps improve integration and communication.

  • Investigating and Adjusting: Discover the local cuisine, customs, and community. Be willing to explore new things and adjust to other lifestyles.

Health and Safety Considerations

For international students in the UK, prioritizing health and safety is essential. Here’s a brief overview of key considerations.

Vaccinations and Medical Records

  • COVID-19 immunization: As per UK standards, ensure you have received the most recent COVID-19 immunization. The rules may change depending on the vaccination you had in your country of origin.
  • More Vaccinations: Find out if you require more shots that the UK advises overseas students to have. Vaccines against measles, mumps, rubella, and meningitis are standard vaccinations.
  • Medical Records: Maintain Records Convenient: Ensure you always carry a copy of your medical records. This includes your medical history, current prescriptions, allergies, and records of any chronic ailments you may have.

Health Insurance

Health insurance is crucial for international students studying in the UK. Here’s what you should know about health insurance as an international student:

National Health Service (NHS):

The UK has the National Health Service (NHS), which provides healthcare services to residents.

As an international student, you may access NHS services for free if:

  • You’re studying a course that lasts for more than six months.
  • You’re enrolled in a full-time course at a recognized institution.

Health Surcharge:

When applying for a student visa lasting more than six months, you might need to pay the Immigration Health Surcharge as part of your visa application. This surcharge gives you access to NHS services during your stay in the UK.

Safety Tips and Emergency Protocols

Contact Your University Security Service in the UK. If you feel unsafe on campus or see something that doesn’t seem right, don’t hesitate to ask for help. Most universities have a security service that you can contact 24/7.

The staff at these services are trained to handle any emergency, so don’t hesitate to call them if you need help. Another excellent resource for staying safe on campus is your Student Union. The Student Union will often have a security team on hand.

Logistics and Travel Arrangements

Arranging logistics and travel as an international student in the UK involves several key steps:

Booking Flights

Booking flights as an international student in the UK involves several considerations to ensure a smooth and hassle-free travel experience:


  • Advance Booking: Book your flights well to secure better deals and preferred schedules, especially during peak travel times.
  • Flexible Dates: Be flexible with your travel dates to find cheaper options. Midweek flights or off-peak hours often offer more affordable fares.


  • Passport Validity: Ensure your passport is valid for travel, including any potential delays or plan changes.
  • Visa Requirements: Check visa requirements for your destination and any countries you might transit through. Ensure you have the necessary visas before booking.

Accommodation Options

When it comes to accommodation options for international students in the UK, there are several choices to consider, depending on preferences, budget, and convenience:

On-Campus Accommodation:

  • University Halls of Residence: Many universities offer on-campus housing options. These residence halls are often close to academic buildings, providing convenience and a sense of community among students.

Private Accommodation:

  • Private Student Halls are similar to university accommodations but managed by private companies. They often offer amenities like gyms, communal spaces, and different room options.
  • Private Rentals: Renting a flat or house privately offers more independence and diverse options.

Public Transportation:

  • Buses: Common and accessible, buses cover various routes within cities and towns. Look into weekly or monthly bus passes for potential savings.
  • Trains: Efficient for intercity travel, connecting major cities and towns. Consider railcards for significant discounts on train fares.
  • Trams: Some cities, like Manchester and Birmingham, have tram systems that ease local commuting.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the financial requirements for Bangladeshi students to obtain a student visa for the UK?

The financial requirements for Bangladeshi students to obtain a student visa for the UK generally involve proving that they have enough funds to cover their course fees and living expenses.

  • Course Fees: Bangladeshi students must demonstrate that they can pay the program’s course costs. This sum is determined by the school and the course that they are enrolled in.
  • Living Expenses: Students must prove they have the money to support their living expenses while studying in the UK. This covers lodging, meals, travel costs, and other individual costs.
  • Financial Evidence: Bank statements or other financial records proving the applicant has access to the necessary funds are required as proof of finances. The documents must be in their names if the student’s parents sponsor them. Usually, the financial records must be kept up to date for a specific time—roughly 28 days before the visa application.

Which countries offer affordable education options for Bangladeshi students seeking to study abroad?

  • UK: Even though the UK may have higher tuition than some other nations, overseas students still have access to several scholarships, funding, and scholarships. UK institutions frequently offer top-notch instruction and a variety of programs.
  • Denmark: Students from Switzerland and the EU/EEA can attend Danish universities for free. Tuition costs are necessary for non-EU/EEA students. However, they may be less.

Expensive than in other nations. There are chances for part-time employment and scholarship opportunities.

  • Hungary: Compared to many other European nations, Hungarian universities provide a wide range of programs at relatively reduced tuition costs. International students can receive scholarships from certain universities, lowering the study cost.

How can Bangladeshi students apply for full scholarships for undergraduate programs overseas?

There are several ways Bangladeshi students can apply for full scholarships for undergraduate programs overseas:

  • Opportunities for Research Scholarships: Investigate scholarships provided by academic institutions, governmental bodies, private companies, and international organizations first.
  • Governmental Awards: Find out what scholarships the Bangladeshi government offers students who want to study overseas. For information on such programs, contact the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the Ministry of Education.
  • Apply Directly to Universities: International students can apply for scholarships at many foreign universities. Look for details on international undergraduate scholarships on the websites of the school you are considering attending.
  • Prepare Well for Standardized Tests: Many scholarships demand results on standardized tests, such as the SAT or ACT, so be sure to prepare well for those. Aim for high scores and prepare well because they can bolster scholarship applications.
  • Gather Required Documents: Ensure you have all the required paperwork, including essays, recommendation letters, transcripts, and evidence of your ability to speak the instruction language.
  • Apply Early: Make sure you begin the application process as soon as possible because scholarship deadlines can be far sooner than those for university admissions.

What is the process for Bangladeshi students to study in Europe after completing HSC?

The process for Bangladeshi students to study in Europe after completing HSC (Secondary School Certificate) typically involves several steps:

  • Research Universities and Programs: Seek out European universities that provide courses that pique your interest. Examine their prerequisites for admission, the dates for applications, and the language competency criteria.
  • Language Proficiency: Most institutions in Europe demand documentation of fluency in the instruction’s language, typically English. Students might need to take tests like the TOEFL or IELTS to prove their English competence. Proficiency in the language of the nation where the university is located may also be necessary for some programs.
  • Prepare Application Documents: Compile all required application materials, such as transcripts, recommendation letters, a statement of purpose, scores from standardized tests, and any other materials the university may specify.
  • Apply for Admission: Send your applications to the chosen universities before the deadlines. Be mindful of the prerequisites and application procedure of each university.
  • Apply for a Student Visa: You must apply for a student visa as soon as you have been accepted to an institution in Europe. For information on specific visa procedures and requirements, contact the embassy or consulate of the relevant nation in Bangladesh.
  • Health Insurance: Health insurance is required for overseas students in several European countries. Make sure you know the prerequisites for health insurance and make the necessary arrangements for coverage.

What is the essential checklist for Bangladeshi students preparing to study abroad?

Preparing to study abroad can be a comprehensive process. Here’s a checklist for Bangladeshi students to consider:

Before Applying:

  • Research: investigate colleges and programs that align with your interests and professional aspirations through research.
  • Entry Requirements: Comprehend the admission conditions, including the academic standards and language competency exams such as the TOEFL and IELTS.
  • Financial Planning: Financial planning entails estimating living costs, tuition costs, and accessible financial sources, including loans, scholarships, and personal savings.

During Application:

  • Gather Documents: Gather all required records, including test results from standardized tests, essays, personal statements, and recommendation letters.
  • Apply to Universities: Submit applications to multiple universities based on your preferences.
  • Apply for Scholarships: Apply for relevant scholarships and grants to support your studies.

After Receiving Acceptance:

  • Acceptance Letter: Once accepted, review the acceptance letter and follow instructions carefully.
  • Student Visa: Apply for a student visa, prepare the required documents, and fulfill visa application procedures.
  • Accommodation: Arrange for housing; this could be in on-campus dormitories or off-campus apartments. Start early to secure suitable accommodation.
  • Health Insurance: Obtain health insurance coverage that meets the host country’s requirements.
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